Bees, flies, butterflies, moths, beetles, hummingbirds and even small mammals are pollinators, meaning they carry pollen on their bodies and move it between flowers. This almost invisible act occurs millions of times each day and creates a third of our food. It also sustains the native plants and habitats on which humans and wildlife depend.
There is a national and global decline in wild pollinators. This is very concerning because pollinators are responsible for one out of every three bites of food we take; they ensure reproduction of over 90 per cent of flowering plants in the world. That is a staggering task! They are vital not only to our existence as human beings but to our planet.
The decline of wild pollinators is due to the following threats: habitat loss, pesticide exposure, transfer of disease from domestic bees, and climate change. Habitat loss and agricultural intensification are known to decrease pollinator abundance and diversity. The decline in pollinators is a serious problem that requires immediate action to ensure the protection of the natural environment and Canada’s food system.
CWF is engaging in field research, public awareness, technical support and knowledge transfer to farmers, partnership with the food industry, development of pollinator-friendly practices, and agricultural policy recommendations to support the recovery of Canada’s wild pollinators. We are also calling for governments to create pollinator pathways by restoring meadow habitat along roadsides, right-of-ways and in city parks. Individuals can do their part by growing a native wildflower garden, helping to build a garden at a local school or community centre, and asking their local and provincial governments to create pollinator pathways along roadsides and right-of-ways.