Watersheds Canada Watersheds Canada logo

Canadian Wildlife Federation CWF logo

Healthy Shorelines for Healthy Lakes

Native Plants for Ontario

 Native Plants That Grow In Sun

Acer saccharinum –Silver Maple
Allium cernuum - Nodding onion
Alnus rugosa - Speckled alder
Amelanchier arborea - Downy serviceberry
Anaphalis margaritacea - Pearly everlasting
Asclepias incarnata - Swamp milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa – Butterflyweed
Aster novae-angliaeb - New England aster
Betula papyrifera - White birch
Betula populifolia - Gray birch
Desmodium canadense - Showy tick-trefoil
Elymus Canadensis - Canada wild rye
Echinacea pallida - Pale Purple Coneflower
Eupatorium maculatum - Spotted Joe Pye weed
Juniperus communis - Common juniper
Juniperus horizontalis- creeping juniper
Juniperus virginiana -  Eastern Red cedar
Larix laricina – Tamarack
Liatris aspera - Rough blazingstar
Medeola virginiana – Indian cucumber root
Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot
Picea glauca - White spruce
Potentilla tridentate - Three-toothed cinquefoil
Prunus pennsylvanica - Common pincherry
Ratibida pinnata - Gray-headed coneflower
Rhus typhina - Staghorn sumac
Rosa acicularis – Prickly wild rose
Rosa palustris - Swamp rose
Sambucus canadensis - Common elder
Schizachyrium scoparium - Little Bluestem
Silphium perfoliatum - Cup Plant
Sisyrinchium montanum - Blue-eyed Grass
Sheperdia canadensis - Buffaloberry
Solidago rigida - Stiff goldenrod
Sporobolus heterolepis - Prairie dropseed
Viburnum trilobum - Highbush cranberry
Coreopsis lanceolata - Lanceleaf coreopsis
Cornus amomum - Silky dogwood

 Native Plants That Grow In Sun to Partial Shade   

Abies balsamea- Balsam fir   
Acer rubrum –Red Maple   
Anemone Canadensis – Canada Anemone   
Aquilegia Canadensis - Canada columbine   
Asclepias sullivantii - Prairie Milkweed   
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Bearberry   
Betula alleghaniensis – Yellow birch   
Bouteloua curtipendula - Sideoats grama   
Campanula rotundifolia – Harebell   
Carya cordiformis -  Bitternut hickory   
Celastrus scandens – Climbing bittersweet   
Cephalanthus occidentalis – Buttonbush   
Claytonia virginica - Spring Beauty   
Coreopsis lanceolata - Lanceleaf coreopsis   
Cornus amomum - Silky dogwood   
Lilium philadelphicum – Wood lily   
Linnaea borealis – Twinflower   
Lobelia siphilitica - Great blue lobelia   
Lupinus perennis – Wild Lupin   
Mimulus ringens –Blue monkey flower   
Myrica gale – Sweetgale   
Parthenocissus quinquefolia – Virginia creeper   
Penstemon digitalis – Smooth White Penstemon   
Physostegia virginiana - Obedient plant   
Pinus strobes - White pine   
Populus balsamifera – Balsam poplar   
Potentilla palustris - Marsh cinquefoil   
Prunus virginiana - Choke cherry   
Cornus racemosa- Gray dogwood   
Cornus stolonifera  - Red osier dogwood   
Corydalis sempervirens - Pale Corydalis   
Euphorbia corollata - Flowering spurge   
Eupatorium purpureum - Sweet Joe Pye weed   
Fragaria virginiana - Common strawberry    
Gaylussacia baccata - Black huckleberry   
Gentiana andrewsii - Bottle gentian   
Geranium maculatum - Wild geranium   
Helianthus divaricatus -  Woodland sunflower   
Heliopsis helianthoides - False sunflower   
Hibiscus moscheutos - Swamp Rose Mallow   
Hypericum ascyron – Great St Johnswort   
Ilex verticillata- Winterberry   
Iris versicolor - Blue flag iris   
Rudbeckia hirta – Black Eyed Susan   
Rubus odoratus - Flowering raspberry   
Sorbus americana - American Mountain Ash   
Solidago caesia - Blue-stemmed Goldenrod   
Solidago nemoralis - Grey Goldenrod   
Spiraes alba - Meadowseet   
Thalictrum dioicum - Early Meadow-rue   
Trientalis borealis - Starflower   
Thuja occidentalis -Eastern white cedar   
Vaccinium angustifolium (Low sweet blueberry)   
Vaccinium myrtilloide (Common Blueberry)   
Viburnum lentago - Nannyberry   
Waldsteinia fragariodes - Barren Strawberry   
Zizia aurea - Golden Alexanders   

 Native Plants That Grow In Partial Shade to Full Shade

Actaea pachypoda White Baneberry
Adiantum pedatum - Maidenhair fern
Allium tricoccum -Wild Leek, Wild Garlic
Asarum canadense – Wild Ginger
Caltha palustris - Marsh marigold
Carpinus caroliniana - Blue Beech
Cornus Canadensis – Bunchberry
Cornus racemosa- Gray dogwood
Cornus stolonifera - Red osier dogwood
Dentaria diphylla - Toothwort
Erythronium americanum - Trout Lily
Geranium maculatum - Wild geranium
Impatiens capensis - Spotted Jewelweed
Ostrya virginiana – Ironwood
Polygonatum biflorum - Solomon's seal
Smilacina racemosa - False Solomon's Seal
Stylophorum diphyllum - Wood Poppy
Trillium erectum - Purple Trillium
Trillium grandiflorum - WhiteTrillium
Uvularia perfoliata - Bellwort

 Native Plants That Grow In Full Shade

Acer saccharum- Sugar Maple
Arisaema triphillium - Jack-in-the-pulpit
Athyrium filix-femina - Lady fern
Caulophyllum thalictroides - Blue cohosh
Cornus stolonifera  - Red osier dogwood
Gaultheria procumbens - Wintergreen
Maianthemum canadense - Canada Mayflower
Sanguinaria canadensis - Bloodroot
Tsuga canadensis - Eastern hemlock

 Native Plants That Grow in Dry Soils

Acer rubrum –Red Maple
Anemone virginiana –Thimbleweed
Bouteloua curtipendula - Sideoats grama
Corydalis sempervirens – Pale Corydalis
Echinacea pallida - Pale Purple Coneflower
Euphorbia corollata - Flowering spurge
Helianthus divaricatus -  Woodland sunflower
Juniperus communis - Common juniper
Juniperus horizontalis-Creeping juniper
Juniperus virginiana -  Eastern Red cedar
Potentilla tridentate - Three-toothed cinquefoil
Schizachyrium scoparium - Little Bluestem
Sheperdia canadensis - Buffaloberry
Solidago nemoralis - Grey Goldenrod

 Native Plants That Grow in Moist To Dry Soils

Allium cernuum - Nodding onion
Aquilegia Canadensis - Canada columbine
Betula populifolia - Gray birch
Campanula rotundifolia – Harebell
Celastrus scandens – Climbing bittersweet
Cornus racemosa- Gray dogwood
Coreopsis lanceolata - Lanceleaf coreopsis
Desmodium canadense - Showy tick trefoil
Elymus Canadensis - Canada wild rye
Fragaria virginiana - Common strawberry
Gaylussacia baccata - Black huckleberry
Liatris aspera - Rough blazingstar
Lupinus perennis – Wild Lupin
Mitchella repens – Partridge-berry
Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot
Ostrya virginiana – Ironwood
Penstemon digitalis - Smooth White Penstemon
Pinus strobes - White pine
Polygonatum biflorum - Solomon's seal
Prunus virginiana - Choke cherry
Ratibida pinnata - Gray-headed coneflower
Rudbeckia hirta – Black Eyed Susan
Rhus typhina - Staghorn sumac
Sisyrinchium montanum - Blue-eyed Grass
Smilacina racemosa - False Solomon's Seal
Solidago caesia - Blue-stemmed Goldenrod
Solidago rigida - Stiff goldenrod
Sorbus americana - American Mountain Ash
Thuja occidentalis -Eastern white cedar

 Native Plants That Grow In Dry to Well Drained Soils

Amelanchier arborea - Downy serviceberry
Anaphalis margaritacea - Pearly everlasting
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Bearberry
Asclepias tuberosa – Butterflyweed
Betula populifolia - Gray birch
Rosa acicularis – Prickly wild rose

 Native Plants That Grow In Moist Soils

Actaea pachypoda (White Baneberry)
Acer rubrum –Red Maple
Acer saccharinum –Silver Maple
Adiantum pedatum - Maidenhair fern
Allium tricoccum (Wild Leek, Wild Garlic)
Anemone Canadensis – Canada Anemone
Asarum canadense – Wild Ginger
Asclepias sullivantii - Prairie Milkweed
Athyrium filix-femina - Lady fern
Betula alleghaniensis – Yellow birch
Carpinus caroliniana - Blue Beech
Carya cordiformis -  Bitternut hickory
Caulophyllum thalictroides - Blue cohosh
Claytonia virginica - Spring Beauty
Cornus amomum - Silky dogwood
Cornus Canadensis – Bunchberry
Cornus stolonifera - Red osier dogwood
Dentaria diphylla - Toothwort
Gaultheria procumbens – Wintergreen
Geranium maculatum - Wild geranium
Geranium robertianum - Herb Robert
Houstonia caerulea - Bluets
Ledum groenlandicum - Labrador tea
Lilium canadense - Canada lily
Linnaea borealis – Twinflower
Lilium philadelphicum – Wood lily
Maianthemum canadense - Canada mayflower
Medeola virginiana – Indian cucumber root
Physostegia virginiana - Obedient plant
Picea glauca - White spruce
Rubus odoratus - Flowering raspberry
Solidago flexicaulis - Zig-zag Goldenrod
Spiraes alba - Meadowseet
Trientalis borealis - Starflower
Tsuga canadensis - Eastern hemlock
Viburnum trilobum - Highbush cranberry

 Native Plants That Grow in Moist To Wet Soils

Acer saccharum- Sugar Maple
Acer saccharinum –Silver Maple
Alnus rugosa - Speckled alder
Anemone virginiana –Thimbleweed
Arisaema triphillium - Jack-in-the-pulpit
Asclepias incarnata - Swamp milkweed
Aster novae-angliaeb - New England aster
Athyrium filix-femina - Lady fern
Caltha palustris - Marsh marigold
Cephalanthus occidentalis – Buttonbush
Eupatorium maculatum - Spotted Joe Pye weed
Eupatorium purpureum - Sweet Joe Pye weed
Gentiana andrewsii - Bottle gentian
Ratibida pinnata - Gray-headed coneflower
Sambucus canadensis - Common elder
Sanguinaria canadensis - Bloodroot
Silphium perfoliatum - Cup Plant
Heliopsis helianthoides - False sunflower
Hibiscus moscheutos - Swamp Rose Mallow
Hypericum ascyron – Great St Johnswort
Ilex verticillata- Winterberry
Impatiens capensis - Spotted Jewelweed
Iris versicolor - Blue flag iris
Kalmia angustifolia - Sheep laurel
Larix laricina – Tamarack
Lobelia cardinalis - Cardinal flower
Lobelia siphilitica - Great blue lobelia
Myrica gale - Sweetgale
Mimulus ringens –Blue monkey flower
Populus balsamifera - Balsam poplar
Stylophorum diphyllum - Wood Poppy
Viburnum lentago - Nannyberry
Waldsteinia fragariodes - Barren Strawberry
Zizia aurea - Golden Alexanders

 Native Plants That Grow In Moist To Well Drained Soils

Abies balsamea - Balsam fir
Allium cernuum - Nodding onion
Betula papyrifera -  White birch
Coreopsis lanceolata - Lanceleaf coreopsis
Dicentra cucullaria - Dutchman's breeches
Lupinus perennis – Wild Lupin
Ostrya virginiana – Ironwood
Penstemon digitalis - Foxglove beardtongue
Picea mariana - Black spruce
Pinus strobes - White pine
Solidago caesia - Blue-stemmed Goldenrod
Thalictrum dioicum - Early Meadow-rue
Trillium erectum - Purple Trillium
Uvularia perfoliata - Bellwort

 Native Plants That Grow In Rocky Soils

Acer rubrum –Red Maple
Allium cernuum - Nodding onion
Aquilegia Canadensis - Canada columbine
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Bearberry
Campanula rotundifolia – Harebell
Coreopsis lanceolata - Lanceleaf coreopsis
Corydalis sempervirens - Pale Corydalis
Geranium robertianum - Herb Robert
Gaylussacia baccata - Black huckleberry
Hibiscus moscheutos - Swamp Rose Mallow
Pinus strobes - White pine
Potentilla tridentate - Three-toothed cinquefoil
Rhus typhina - Staghorn sumac
Rosa acicularis – Prickly wild rose
Solidago nemoralis - Grey Goldenrod

 Native Plants That Grow In Sandy Soils

Acer rubrum –Red Maple
Allium cernuum - Nodding onion
Amelanchier arborea - Downy serviceberry
Anemone virginiana –Thimbleweed
Asclepias sullivantii - Prairie Milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa – Butterflyweed
Betula papyrifera -  White birch
Betula populifolia - Gray birch
Bouteloua curtipendula - Sideoats grama
Heliopsis helianthoides - False sunflower
Juniperus communis - Common juniper
Juniperus horizontalis- Creeping juniper
Liatris aspera - Rough blazingstar
Lupinus perennis – Wild Lupin
Potentilla tridentate - Three-toothed cinquefoil
Rhus typhina - Staghorn sumac
Celastrus scandens –  Climbing bittersweet
Coreopsis lanceolata - Lanceleaf coreopsis
Desmodium canadense - Showy tick trefoil
Echinacea pallida - Pale Purple Coneflower
Elymus Canadensis - Canada wild rye
Eupatorium purpureum - Sweet Joe Pye weed
Fragaria virginiana - Common strawberry
Gaultheria procumbens – Wintergreen
Gaylussacia baccata - Black huckleberry
Rudbeckia hirta – Black Eyed Susan
Sanguinaria canadensis - Bloodroot
Schizachyrium scoparium - Little Bluestem
Sheperdia canadensis - Buffaloberry
Solidago nemoralis - Grey Goldenrod
Sporobolus heterolepis - Prairie dropseed
Viburnum lentago - Nannyberry
Viburnum trilobum - Highbush cranberry

 Native Plants That Are Drought Tolerant

Allium cernuum - Nodding onion
Anaphalis margaritacea -Pearly Everlasting
Aquilegia Canadensis - Canada columbine
Asclepias tuberosa – Butterflyweed
Celastrus scandens –Climbing bittersweet
Coreopsis lanceolata - Lanceleaf coreopsis
Desmodium canadense - Showy tick trefoil
Elymus Canadensis - Canada wild rye
Euphorbia corollata - Flowering spurge
Geranium maculatum - Wild geranium
Heliopsis helianthoides - False sunflower
Juniperus communis - Common juniper
Juniperus horizontalis- Creeping juniper
Juniperus virginiana -  Eastern Red cedar
Liatris aspera - Rough blazingstar
Lupinus perennis – Wild Lupin
Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot
Picea glauca - White spruce
Rudbeckia hirta – Black Eyed Susan
Schizachyrium scoparium - Little Bluestem
Silphium perfoliatum - Cup Plant
Sisyrinchium angustifolium - Blue-eyed grass
Solidago rigida - Stiff goldenrod
Sporobolus heterolepis - Prairie dropseed

 Native Plants That Are Salt Tolerant

Amelanchier arborea - Downy serviceberry
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Bearberry
Juniperus communis - Common juniper
Juniperus virginiana - Red cedar
Prunus virginiana - Choke cherry
Rhus typhina - Staghorn sumac
Vaccinium angustifolium - Low sweet blueberry
Vaccinium myrtilloide - Common Blueberry

 Native Plants That Are Deer Resistant

Allium cernuum - Nodding onion
Aquilegia Canadensis - Canada columbine
Asclepias tuberosa – Butterflyweed
Campanula rotundifolia – Harebell
Celastrus scandens –  Climbing bittersweet
Cornus amomum - Silky dogwood
Cornus racemosa- Gray dogwood
Cornus stolonifera - Red osier dogwood
Coreopsis lanceolata - Lanceleaf coreopsis
Ilex verticillata- Winterberry
Iris versicolor - Blue flag iris
Geranium maculatum - Wild geranium
Juniperus communis - Common juniper
Juniperus virginiana - Eastern Red cedar
Kalmia angustifolia - Sheep laurel
Penstemon digitalis - Smooth White Penstemon
Picea glauca - White spruce
Picea mariana - Black spruce
Pinus strobes - White pine
Rudbeckia hirta – Black Eyed Susan
Schizachyrium scoparium - Little Bluestem
Solidago rigida - Stiff goldenrod

 Native Plants for Ground Cover

Anemone Canadensis – Canada Anemone
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Bearberry
Asarum canadense – Wild Ginger
Claytonia virginica - Spring Beauty
Celastrus scandens –  Climbing bittersweet
Cornus Canadensis – Bunchberry
Fragaria virginiana - Common strawberry
Gaultheria procumbens – Wintergreen
Geranium robertianum - Herb Robert
Mitchella repens – Partridge-berry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia – Virginia creeper
Polygonatum biflorum - Solomon's seal
Potentilla tridentate - Three-toothed cinquefoil
Vaccinium angustifolium – Low Sweet Blueberry
Waldstienia fragarioides – Barren Strawberry

 Native Plants for the Septic Bed

Anemone Canadensis – Canada Anemone
Aquilegia Canadensis - Canada columbine
Aster novae-angliaeb - New England aster
Athyrium filix-femina - Lady fern
Bouteloua curtipendula - Sideoats grama
Echinacea pallida - Pale Purple Coneflower
Elymus Canadensis - Canada wild rye
Fragaria virginiana - Common strawberry
Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot
Penstemon digitalis - Smooth White Penstemon
Rudbeckia hirta – Black Eyed Susan
Ratibida pinnata - Gray-headed coneflower
Solidago nemoralis - Grey Goldenrod
Solidago rigida - Stiff goldenrod
Sporobolus heterolepis - Prairie dropseed
Waldstienia fragarioides – Barren Strawberry

Order your Report

Region

Surveys

Surveys

I love my lake contest

Get involved

Donate now