Alberta to southern Saskatchewan with outlying populations in B.C. and Manitoba
Mexico, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California
The burrowing owl prefers open, semi-arid grasslands. It is the only known owl species to make its nest underground in abandoned burrows.
Burrowing owls eat mainly insects and some small mammals, amphibians, reptiles and, occasionally, other small birds.
The species collects mammal waste around its nest to attract dung beetles, a favourite treat.
BirdLife International and NatureServe (2014) Bird Species Distribution Maps of the World. 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 28 November 2014